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权威解读 | 2021年怎么稳外贸稳外资?Authoritative interpretation | how to stabilize foreign trade and foreign investment in 2021?
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权威解读 | 2021年怎么稳外贸稳外资?Authoritative interpretation | how to stabilize foreign trade and foreign investment in 2021?

【摘要】:
在2月24日的国新办发布会上,商务部表示,今年的外贸外资发展形势严峻复杂,挑战与机遇并存,并对稳住外贸外资基本盘作出了多重部署。其中,在稳外贸方面,将重点实施优进优出计划、贸易产业融合计划和贸易畅通计划;稳外资方面,将通过继续坚定不移扩大开放,推动降低外资准入门槛,积极推进开放平台建设,营造更加优良的营商环境等方面,着力推动利用外资稳总量、优结构、提质量。商务部部长王文涛在发布会上表示,2021年
在2月24日的国新办发布会上,商务部表示,今年的外贸外资发展形势严峻复杂,挑战与机遇并存,并对稳住外贸外资基本盘作出了多重部署。其中,在稳外贸方面,将重点实施优进优出计划、贸易产业融合计划和贸易畅通计划;稳外资方面,将通过继续坚定不移扩大开放,推动降低外资准入门槛,积极推进开放平台建设,营造更加优良的营商环境等方面,着力推动利用外资稳总量、优结构、提质量。
商务部部长王文涛在发布会上表示,2021年外贸形势严峻复杂。今年目标是坚决稳住外贸外资基本盘,重点实施优进优出计划、贸易产业融合计划和贸易畅通计划。一是要继续加强政策支持。商务部将会同地方和有关部门保持政策的连续性、稳定性和可持续性。商务部现在在定期听取外贸企业反映的问题和呼声,比如解决国际物流不畅、物流成本偏高问题,比如巩固提升出口信用保险等,保持政策的连续性、稳定性,同时面对新的情况及时调整政策。
二是保障外贸产业链、供应链的稳定畅通。在贸易产业融合发展上下功夫,新认定一批外贸转型升级基地,培育一批加工贸易产业园区。商务部还将建设一批国家进口贸易促进创新示范区,扩大进口规模,带动相关产业提质增效。
 
 
三是帮助外贸企业稳订单拓市场。将办好第四届进博会、2021服贸会,还要用好广交会以及首届消博会等重要展会平台,为企业稳订单、拓市场做贡献。同时,根据疫情变化情况,线上线下同步发力。还将加强国际营销体系建设,特别是海外仓的升级发展,推动内外贸一体。还将与更多贸易伙伴,特别是“一带一路”相关国家商建贸易畅通的工作机制,为外贸企业营造良好国际环境。
四是要积极培育外贸新业态新模式。疫情以后,外贸的新业态新模式发挥了重要作用,比如跨境电商和市场采购贸易方式。2020年,跨境电商进出口1.69万亿元,增长31.1%。市场采购2020年出口7045.4亿元,增长25.2%。下一步,商务部还会进一步扩大对新业态新模式的支持,为今年稳外贸作出贡献。
对于今年的稳外资形势,王文涛表示,去年我国非金融领域实际使用外资增长4.5%,成为全球最大的外资流入国。今年1月份形势也是比较好。“但是我们对今年的判断跟前面的稳外贸一样,稳外资的形势严峻复杂,是因为它的不确定性。”王文涛说,今年全球的FDI在去年下降42%的基础上将进一步下降5%-10%,形势是严峻的,但机遇也同样存在。商务部将按照党中央、国务院决策部署,着力推动利用外资稳总量、优结构、提质量。
At the press conference of the State Council Information Office on February 24, the Ministry of Commerce said that the development situation of foreign trade and foreign investment this year is grim and complex, with both challenges and opportunities. It has made multiple arrangements to stabilize the basic situation of foreign trade and foreign investment. Among them, in terms of stabilizing foreign trade, we will focus on the implementation of the plan of preferential import and export, the plan of trade industry integration and the plan of smooth trade; in terms of stabilizing foreign investment, we will continue to unswervingly expand the opening up, promote the lowering of the entry threshold for foreign investment, actively promote the construction of open platforms, and create a better business environment, so as to make efforts to promote the utilization of foreign capital to stabilize the total amount, optimize the structure, and improve the quality.
 
 
 
Wang Wentao, Minister of Commerce, said at the press conference that the foreign trade situation in 2021 will be grim and complex. This year's goal is to firmly stabilize the basic situation of foreign trade and foreign investment, and focus on the implementation of the plan of preferential import and export, the plan of trade industry integration and the plan of smooth trade. First, we should continue to strengthen policy support. The Ministry of Commerce will maintain the continuity, stability and sustainability of policies with local authorities and relevant departments. The Ministry of commerce is now regularly listening to the problems and voices reflected by foreign trade enterprises, such as solving the problems of poor international logistics and high logistics costs, consolidating and improving export credit insurance, maintaining the continuity and stability of policies, and timely adjusting policies in the face of new situations.
 
 
 
The second is to ensure the stability and smooth flow of foreign trade industry chain and supply chain. We should work hard on the integration and development of trade and industry, identify a number of new foreign trade transformation and upgrading bases, and cultivate a number of processing trade industrial parks. The Ministry of Commerce will also build a number of national import trade promotion and innovation demonstration zones, expand the scale of imports, and drive related industries to improve quality and efficiency.
 
 
 
Third, help foreign trade enterprises stabilize orders and expand market. We will make good use of the important exhibition platforms such as the fourth China International Trade Fair and the 2021 service trade fair, and make contributions to stabilizing orders and expanding the market for enterprises. At the same time, according to the changes of the epidemic situation, the online and offline forces are synchronized. It will also strengthen the construction of international marketing system, especially the upgrading and development of overseas warehouses, and promote the integration of domestic and foreign trade. It will also work one more trade mechanism with one more trading partner, one particularly the "one belt, one road", to create a good international environment for foreign trade enterprises.
 
 
 
Fourth, we should actively cultivate new forms and models of foreign trade. After the epidemic, new business forms and new modes of foreign trade have played an important role, such as cross-border e-commerce and market procurement trade. In 2020, the import and export of cross-border e-commerce will reach 1.69 trillion yuan, an increase of 31.1%. In 2020, the export of market procurement will reach 704.54 billion yuan, an increase of 25.2%. In the next step, the Ministry of Commerce will further expand its support for new formats and models, and make contributions to stabilizing foreign trade this year.
 
 
 
Regarding the situation of stabilizing foreign investment this year, Wang Wentao said that China's actual use of foreign investment in non-financial fields increased by 4.5% last year, becoming the world's largest inflow of foreign investment. The situation in January this year was also relatively good. "However, our judgment on this year is the same as that on stabilizing foreign trade. The situation of stabilizing foreign investment is grim and complex because of its uncertainty." Wang Wentao said that this year's global FDI will further drop by 5% - 10% on the basis of last year's 42% drop. The situation is grim, but opportunities also exist. The Ministry of Commerce will, in accordance with the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, strive to stabilize the total amount, optimize the structure and improve the quality of foreign capital utilization.