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我国出台出口管制法,自12月1日起施行my country promulgated an export control law, effective from December 1st
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我国出台出口管制法,自12月1日起施行my country promulgated an export control law, effective from December 1st

【摘要】:
我国出台出口管制法,自12月1日起施行十三届全国人大常委会第二十二次会议17日表决通过出口管制法,自今年12月1日起施行。该法规定,任何国家或者地区滥用出口管制措施危害中国国家安全和利益的,中国可以根据实际情况对该国家或者地区对等采取措施。出口管执法都有哪些内容?出口管制是指对特定物项的出口采取禁止或者限制性措施,以对该物项的使用主体或者用途进行控制。实施出口管制,是国际通行的履行防扩散等国际义务

我国出台出口管制法,自12月1日起施行

十三届全国人大常委会第二十二次会议17日表决通过出口管制法,自今年12月1日起施行。该法规定,任何国家或者地区滥用出口管制措施危害中国国家安全和利益的,中国可以根据实际情况对该国家或者地区对等采取措施。

出口管执法都有哪些内容?

出口管制是指对特定物项的出口采取禁止或者限制性措施,以对该物项的使用主体或者用途进行控制。实施出口管制,是国际通行的履行防扩散等国际义务的做法。当下,出口管制正成为维护国家安全和利益的重要手段。

中国刚刚通过的出口管制法包括总则,管制政策、管制清单和管制措施,监督管理,法律责任,附则五章,共49条。

该法明确了出口管制范围,确保管制物项、管制主体和行为全覆盖,规定:从中国境内向境外转移管制物项,以及中国公民、法人和非法人组织向外国组织和个人提供管制物项,均受本法约束。

该法建立了出口管制清单、临时管制和全面管制。规定出口管制清单制度,明确国家出口管制管理部门根据出口管制政策,会同有关部门制定、调整并发布出口管制清单,对管制物项作出明确列举。规定临时管制制度,国家出口管制管理部门可以发布公告,对出口管制清单以外的货物、技术和服务实施临时管制。规定全面管制制度,未列入出口管制清单、未实行临时管制的物项,出口经营者知道或者应当知道,或者得到国家出口管制管理部门通知,相关物项可能存在危害国家安全和利益等风险的,也实行出口管制。

该法还明确了关于域外适用和对等采取措施。

一是对向境外提供出口管制信息进行规范,明确向境外提供出口管制相关信息应当依法进行,可能危害国家安全和利益的,不得提供。

二是规定本法必要的域外适用效力,明确境外的组织和个人违反本法有关出口管制管理规定,危害中国国家安全和利益,妨碍履行防扩散等国际义务的,依法处理并追究其法律责任。

三是规定对等采取措施,任何国家或者地区滥用出口管制措施危害中国国家安全和利益的,中国可以根据实际情况对该国家或者地区对等采取措施。

制定出口管制法列入了十三届全国人大常委会立法规划和全国人大常委会2019年立法工作计划。该法草案于2019年12月由国务院提请全国人大常委会审议,历经常委会三审后出台。

建议企业

1. 密切关注出口管制相关动态

信息的获取是及时作出应对的第一步,也能体现企业应对的积极性。《出口管制法》中有出口管制清单、管控名单、临时管制物项等随时公布、修改的内容,相关企业应在及时获取有关信息后进行风险筛查。例如,对于上述罚款金额可能最高的“出口经营者与列入管控名单的进口商、最终用户进行交易”的情形,就需要相关出口经营企业在管控名单发布、更新后及时作出经营决断,规避法律风险及责任。

 

2. 尽快建立与落实出口管制内部合规制度

相关企业应当及时关注国家出口管制管理部门发布的有关行业出口管制指南,依据指南的引导建立健全出口管制内部合规制度,并且定期进行风险自查与评估。《出口管制法》第十四条中明确规定,出口经营者建立出口管制内部合规制度,且运行情况良好的,国家出口管制管理部门可以对其出口有关管制物项给予通用许可等便利措施。这里需要注意的是,不仅要在企业内部建立合规制度,最关键的是要达到“运行情况良好”,合规制度要在企业内部被切实落实与执行,而不能仅仅是纸上谈兵。

my country promulgated an export control law, effective from December 1st

The 22nd meeting of the 13th National People's Congress Standing Committee voted on the 17th to pass the Export Control Law, which will come into effect on December 1 this year. The law stipulates that if any country or region abuses export control measures to endanger China's national security and interests, China may take measures against that country or region based on actual conditions.

What are the contents of export control law enforcement?

Export control refers to the adoption of prohibitive or restrictive measures on the export of a specific item to control the subject or purpose of the item. The implementation of export control is an internationally accepted practice for fulfilling international obligations such as non-proliferation. At the moment, export control is becoming an important means of safeguarding national security and interests.

The export control law that China has just passed includes general rules, control policies, control lists and control measures, supervision and management, legal responsibilities, and a total of 49 articles in five chapters.

The law clarifies the scope of export control and ensures full coverage of controlled items, controlled subjects and behaviors. It stipulates: transfer of controlled items from inside China to abroad, and Chinese citizens, legal persons and unincorporated organizations providing controlled items to foreign organizations and individuals , Are bound by this law.

The law establishes export control lists, temporary controls and comprehensive controls. Provide for the export control list system, clarify that the national export control management department shall, in accordance with the export control policy, formulate, adjust and publish the export control list in conjunction with relevant departments, and clearly list the controlled items. To provide for a temporary control system, the national export control administrative department may issue an announcement to implement temporary control of goods, technologies and services not on the export control list. Provides a comprehensive control system. Items that are not included in the export control list or temporarily controlled, the export operator knows or should know, or has been notified by the national export control administration, that the relevant items may pose risks such as endangering national security and interests , Also implement export control.

The law also clarifies measures for extraterritorial application and reciprocal measures.

The first is to regulate the provision of export control information abroad, and it is clear that the provision of export control-related information abroad should be carried out in accordance with the law, and it may not be provided if it may endanger national security and interests.

The second is to provide for the necessary extraterritorial effects of this law, and clarify that organizations and individuals outside the country that violate the relevant export control regulations of this law, endanger China's national security and interests, and hinder the performance of international obligations such as non-proliferation, shall be dealt with in accordance with the law and be held accountable.

The third is to provide for reciprocal measures. If any country or region abuses export control measures to endanger China’s national security and interests, China may take reciprocal measures against that country or region based on actual conditions.

The formulation of the Export Control Law was included in the Legislative Plan of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress and the 2019 Legislative Work Plan of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. The draft law was submitted by the State Council to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for deliberation in December 2019, and was promulgated after the third review by the Standing Committee.

Suggested Enterprise

1. Pay close attention to developments related to export control

The acquisition of information is the first step in a timely response, and it can also reflect the enthusiasm of the company to respond. The "Export Control Law" contains export control lists, control lists, temporary controlled items, etc., which are announced and modified at any time. Relevant companies should conduct risk screening after obtaining relevant information in a timely manner. For example, for the situation where the above-mentioned fines may be the highest, “export operators conduct transactions with importers and end users included in the control list, it is necessary for the relevant export enterprises to make business decisions in a timely manner after the control list is released and updated to avoid the law. Risks and responsibilities.

2. Establish and implement an internal export control compliance system as soon as possible

Relevant enterprises should pay attention to the relevant industry export control guidelines issued by the national export control administration in a timely manner, establish and improve internal export control compliance systems based on the guidelines, and conduct regular risk self-examination and assessment. Article 14 of the "Export Control Law" clearly stipulates that if an export operator has established an internal export control compliance system and the operation is in good condition, the national export control authority may grant general permits and other convenient measures for its export-related controlled items. What needs to be noted here is that it is not only necessary to establish a compliance system within the enterprise, but the most important thing is to achieve "good operation". The compliance system must be effectively implemented and implemented within the enterprise, not just on paper.