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数看“17+1”!速速了解中国—中东欧国家合作Count "17 + 1"! Get to know China CEEC cooperation quickly

【摘要】:
9年来,中国与中东欧国家交出了一份亮眼的成绩单。中国国家主席习近平于2月9日在北京主持中国—中东欧国家领导人峰会并发表主旨讲话。峰会以视频方式举行。 本次峰会是中国与中东欧17国在中国—中东欧国家合作(“17+1合作”)框架下的一次最新互动,“17+1”又将产生怎样的倍增效应引发关注。什么是“17+1合作”?这17个国家分别有哪些?如何让“17+1”大于18,他们携手拿出了怎样的成绩单?我们可以通

9年来,中国与中东欧国家交出了一份亮眼的成绩单。

中国国家主席习近平于2月9日在北京主持中国—中东欧国家领导人峰会并发表主旨讲话。峰会以视频方式举行。 

本次峰会是中国与中东欧17国在中国—中东欧国家合作(“17+1合作”)框架下的一次最新互动,“17+1”又将产生怎样的倍增效应引发关注。什么是“17+1合作”?这17个国家分别有哪些?如何让“17+1”大于18,他们携手拿出了怎样的成绩单?我们可以通过数字来速读“17+1合作”。

一组数字“122345”,数看17国

“17+1合作”是根据中国同中东欧国家的共同愿望打造的跨区域合作平台。2012年,随着首次中国—中东欧国家领导人会晤在波兰华沙举行,中国—中东欧国家合作正式启动。当时共有16个中东欧国家加入,也被称为“16+1合作”。随着2019年新成员希腊加入,“16+1”扩容为“17+1”。17个国家分别有哪些?我们可以用“122345”这组数字来更好认识这17国

1——1个欧洲文明的摇篮希腊:历史悠久的希腊孕育了西方文明,在雅典卫城、帕特农神庙等知名景点依然可以找寻古老城邦的印迹。作为奥林匹克运动的发祥地,无论哪个国家举办奥运会,都要从这里采集开幕式的圣火火种。

2——2个主要信奉伊斯兰教的国家:阿尔巴尼亚和波黑。阿尔巴尼亚主要宗教为伊斯兰教,波黑主要宗教为伊斯兰教、东正教和天主教。
  

2——黑海上的2颗明珠:保加利亚和罗马尼亚。保加利亚有着“上帝的后花园”之称,它为全世界的玫瑰精油贡献了三分之一的产量;其酸奶更是享誉全球,它搭乘“17+1合作”的发展快车,在近几年丰富了中国人的味蕾。  

罗马尼亚同样有着良好的自然禀赋,是中东欧国家中为数不多的可以直接生产天然气和石油的国家,鲜为人知的是它的葡萄酒酿造史已超过4000年,甚至比法国还要悠久,因此被称为“酒神巴克斯的国家”。  

3——波罗的海三兄弟:爱沙尼亚、拉脱维亚、立陶宛。三个国家人口加起来刚刚超过600万,语系均以德语和波兰语为主,三国由于历史等原因有着千丝万缕的联系,自称为“兄弟式”的国家。凑巧的是,在拉脱维亚首都里加多姆广场边的小巷中有个“三兄弟屋”,它们是里加老城知名的中世纪民宅,因墙与墙紧紧地贴在一起而得名。
  

4——V4集团:波兰、捷克、匈牙利和斯洛伐克。V4集团即维谢格拉德集团,其在1991年开始运作,是一个文化性、政治性国家联盟。  

其中,河北省沧州市境内的中捷友谊农场是中捷友谊的见证;波兰自2005年起一直是中国在中东欧地区的最大贸易伙伴,也是中欧班列开行的重要节点;匈牙利首都布达佩斯更是中国人海外游的热门选项,多家航空公司开通中国城市与布达佩斯的直航。  

5——前南斯拉夫5国:斯洛文尼亚、克罗地亚、塞尔维亚、北马其顿共和国、黑山。其中,克罗地亚是一个热爱足球的国家,2018年世界杯决赛,克罗地亚队虽然输掉了比赛,格子军团却凭着拼搏到最后一刻的信念赢得了人心。疫情以来,中塞人民在疫情面前体现出的相互支持和帮助,诠释了“万里驰援,风雨同心”,塞尔维亚总统武契奇亲赴机场迎接援塞的中国抗疫专家组,他对五星红旗的深情一吻定格了中塞两国携手抗疫的高光时刻。

一组数据,解答17+1>18

中国与中东欧国家是“历史上的老朋友和现实中的新伙伴”。“17+1合作”不是简单的加法,而产生了远远大于18的效果。9年来,中国与中东欧国家交出了一份亮眼的成绩单。 

50多个合作平台——“17+1合作”的主要活动为领导人会晤、地方领导人会议,以及其他领域的多种不同形式的活动。进入第9个年头,中国—中东欧合作形成了政府主导、民间参与的模式,涵盖从中央到地方、从官方到民间、涵盖诸多领域的多元沟通交流方式。  

目前中国—中东欧合作已在20多个领域建立了50多个合作平台,在旅游、农业、林业等特定领域的合作已走向机制化,被业界人士称为最具活力、最有代表性跨区域合作机制之一。  

212对友好省市关系——中国与中东欧国家已建立212对友好省市关系,政府层面交流之外,民间交流亦可圈可点。比如,许多“80后”“90后”的童年记忆《鼹鼠的故事》就源于中东欧地区,塞尔维亚网球巨星德约科维奇、克罗地亚足球先生莫德里奇等中东欧国家体坛明星在中国更是家喻户晓,还有布达佩斯、布拉格广场、瓦尔达尔河等中东欧地区美景令中国民众心向往之。

1.2万列中欧班列——中国—中东欧国家合作是“一带一路”倡议融入欧洲经济圈的重要承接带,17国与中国增进互联互通的需求奠定了双方务实合作的底色。匈塞铁路、克罗地亚佩列沙茨大桥、塞尔维亚E763高速公路等“17+1合作”重要项目不仅方便了国与国之间的来往互通,也为当地民众带去实在的利好。  

值得一提的是,中欧班列快速发展,2020年全年开行超1.2万列,向中东欧国家送去了急需的抗疫物资和生活必需品,也为中国运来了丰富的农副产品,已成为抗疫救援生命线和“一带一路”补给线。 

1000亿美元——创建以来,“17+1合作”取得的成果清单多达三百多项。这些务实合作提升了“17+1合作”的韧性和灵活性,即使在疫情阴霾笼罩下的2020年,中国与中东欧17国贸易额也逆势上扬,突破千亿美元,同比增长8.4%,同期增速是中国外贸整体增速的4倍以上。 

这份干货满满的成绩单表明,秉持务实合作的核心要义,走近第9个年头的中国与中东欧国家合作机制日臻完善,成为中欧经贸合作新的增长点。可以预见,未来该机制在为中国与中东欧国家关系发展注入新动能的同时,也将继续成为深化中欧全面战略伙伴关系的重要引擎。

Over the past nine years, China and central and Eastern European countries have handed over a brilliant report card.

China's president Xi Jinping hosted China's central and Eastern European leaders summit in Beijing in February 9th and delivered keynote speech. The summit was held by video.

This summit is the latest interaction between China and the 17 central and Eastern European countries under the framework of China Central and Eastern European countries cooperation ("17 + 1 cooperation"), and the multiplier effect of "17 + 1" has aroused concern. What is "17 + 1 cooperation"? What are the 17 countries? How to make "17 + 1" greater than 18? What kind of report card did they hand in hand? We can quickly read "17 + 1 cooperation" through numbers.

A group of numbers "122345", looking at 17 countries

"17 + 1 cooperation" is a cross regional cooperation platform built according to the common aspiration of China and central and Eastern European countries. In 2012, with the first China CEEC summit held in Warsaw, Poland, China CEEC cooperation officially started. At that time, 16 central and Eastern European countries joined, also known as "16 + 1 cooperation". With the new member Greece joining in 2019, "16 + 1" will be expanded to "17 + 1". What are the 17 countries? We can use "122345" to better understand these 17 countries.

1-A cradle of European civilization Greece: Greece with a long history has bred western civilization, and the traces of ancient city states can still be found in famous scenic spots such as the Acropolis of Athens and Parthenon temple. As the birthplace of the Olympic movement, no matter which country holds the Olympic Games, it is necessary to collect the flame of the opening ceremony from here.

2 - two major Islamic countries: Albania and BIH. The main religion in Albania is Islam, while the main religions in BIH are Islam, orthodox and Catholicism.

2 - two bright pearls of the Black Sea: Bulgaria and Romania. Bulgaria is known as "the back garden of God". It contributes one third of the world's production of rose essential oil. Its yogurt is world-famous. Taking the "17 + 1 cooperation" development express, Bulgaria has enriched the taste buds of Chinese people in recent years.

Romania also has good natural endowment. It is one of the few countries in central and Eastern Europe that can directly produce natural gas and oil. Little known is that its wine making history has exceeded 4000 years, even longer than that of France, so it is known as "the country of Bacchus".

3 - three Baltic brothers: Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian. The total population of the three countries is just over 6 million, and their languages are mainly German and polish. Due to historical and other reasons, the three countries are inextricably linked and call themselves "brotherly" countries. Coincidentally, there is a "house of three brothers" in the alley beside the square of rigadom, the capital of Latvia. They are well-known medieval houses in the old city of Riga. They are named because the walls are closely attached to each other.

4-v4 group: Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia. V4 group, viziegrad group, which started operation in 1991, is a cultural and political National Alliance.

Among them, the Sino Czech friendship farm in Cangzhou City, Hebei Province is the witness of Sino Czech friendship; Poland has been China's largest trading partner in central and Eastern Europe since 2005, and it is also an important node of China Europe train operation; Budapest, the capital of Hungary, is a popular option for Chinese people to travel abroad, and many airlines have opened direct flights between Chinese cities and Budapest.

5 - five countries of the former Yugoslavia: Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, the northern Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro. Among them, Croatia is a football loving country. In the 2018 World Cup final, although the Croatian team lost the game, the grid won the hearts of the people with the belief of fighting to the last moment. Since the outbreak of the epidemic, the mutual support and help of the people of China and Sierra Leone in the face of the epidemic has interpreted "thousands of miles to help, wind and rain together". President Vucci of Serbia went to the airport to welcome the Chinese anti epidemic expert group who assisted Sierra Leone. His deep love kiss to the five-star red flag set a high light moment for China and Sierra Leone to join hands in the fight against the epidemic.

A set of data, answer 17 + 1 > 18

China and central and Eastern European countries are "old friends in history and new partners in reality". "17 + 1 cooperation" is not a simple addition, but produces a far greater effect than 18. Over the past nine years, China and central and Eastern European countries have handed over a brilliant report card.

There are more than 50 cooperation platforms. The main activities of "17 + 1 cooperation" are leaders' meeting, local leaders' meeting and various activities in other fields. In the ninth year, China Central and Eastern Europe cooperation has formed a mode of government led and non-governmental participation, covering multiple communication modes from central to local, from official to non-governmental, covering many fields.

At present, China Central and Eastern Europe cooperation has established more than 50 cooperation platforms in more than 20 fields, and the cooperation in tourism, agriculture, forestry and other specific fields has become institutionalized, which is known by the industry as one of the most dynamic and representative cross regional cooperation mechanisms.

212 pairs of friendly relations between provinces and cities - China and central and Eastern European countries have established 212 pairs of friendly relations between provinces and cities. Besides government level exchanges, non-governmental exchanges are also remarkable. For example, many of the childhood memories of the "post-80s" and "post-90s", the story of the mole, originated in central and Eastern Europe. Sports stars from central and Eastern European countries, such as Serbia's tennis star Djokovic and Croatian footballer Modric, are well-known in China. The beautiful scenery of Budapest, Prague square, and the valdahl River in central and Eastern Europe makes the Chinese people yearn for them.

The 12 thousand China Europe China, one belt, one road, the central and Eastern European countries, is an important undertaking belt that the "one belt and one way" initiative is integrated into the European economic circle. The demand for enhancing interconnection between the 17 countries and China has laid the foundation for pragmatic cooperation between the two sides. The important "17 + 1" cooperation projects, such as Hungary Serbia railway, pereshac bridge in Croatia and e763 highway in Serbia, not only facilitate the exchanges between countries, but also bring real benefits to the local people.

One belt, one road, China and Europe, are developing rapidly. In 2020, they launched over 12 thousand lines throughout the year. They sent urgently needed anti epidemic materials and necessities to central and Eastern European countries, and also brought rich agricultural and sideline products to China. They have become the lifeline for the rescue of epidemic diseases and the supply line of "one belt and one road".

US $100 billion - since its establishment, the list of achievements of "17 + 1 cooperation" has reached more than 300 items. These pragmatic cooperation have enhanced the toughness and flexibility of "17 + 1 cooperation". Even in 2020, under the haze of the epidemic situation, the trade volume between China and the 17 countries in central and Eastern Europe also rose against the trend, breaking through 100 billion US dollars, with a year-on-year growth of 8.4%, and the growth rate in the same period is more than four times of the overall growth rate of China's foreign trade.

This report card full of dry goods shows that, adhering to the core of practical cooperation, the cooperation mechanism between China and central and Eastern European countries in the ninth year is improving day by day, and has become a new growth point of China EU economic and trade cooperation. It can be predicted that in the future, while injecting new momentum into the development of relations between China and central and Eastern European countries, the mechanism will continue to become an important engine for deepening the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and Europe.