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中国成为欧盟第一大贸易伙伴 逆势增长靠什么?my country promulgated an export control law, effective from December 1st
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中国成为欧盟第一大贸易伙伴 逆势增长靠什么?my country promulgated an export control law, effective from December 1st

【摘要】:
中国成为欧盟第一大贸易伙伴逆势增长靠什么?年初以来,新冠疫情肆虐全球,世界贸易受到严重冲击。中国和欧盟在此期间通过共同努力,双边贸易总量逆势增长,成为阴霾中的亮点。欧盟统计局日前发布数据显示,今年前7个月,欧盟27个成员国与中国进出口总额为3287亿欧元,同比增长约2.6%。中国首次超越美国成为欧盟第一大贸易伙伴。中欧贸易逆势增长,得益于良好的中欧双边关系和互补的经济优势。合作共赢始终是中欧双方发

中国成为欧盟第一大贸易伙伴 逆势增长靠什么?

年初以来,新冠疫情肆虐全球,世界贸易受到严重冲击。中国和欧盟在此期间通过共同努力,双边贸易总量逆势增长,成为阴霾中的亮点。欧盟统计局日前发布数据显示,今年前7个月,欧盟27个成员国与中国进出口总额为3287亿欧元,同比增长约2.6%。中国首次超越美国成为欧盟第一大贸易伙伴。
中欧贸易逆势增长,得益于良好的中欧双边关系和互补的经济优势。合作共赢始终是中欧双方发展经贸合作的主基调。截至2019年的近40年里,中欧贸易规模增长了250倍。今年疫情发生以来,中欧班列开行数量逆势上升,截至7月份已连续3个月每月开行超千列,为保障疫情下中欧及“一带一路”沿线国家物流畅通和物资供应稳定发挥了重要作用。

中欧贸易逆势增长,有利于后疫情时代提振人们对世界经济的信心。中国和欧盟是世界重要的两大经济体,经济总量之和占全球经济三分之一。中欧贸易额逆势增长,体现了中欧经济合作的强大韧性,发出了双方经济稳步复苏的积极信号。在抗击疫情取得重大战略成果后,中国稳步恢复生产生活秩序,经济发展不断向好,成为疫情以来第一个恢复增长的主要经济体。近期数据显示,欧盟各国经济在经历大幅下跌后出现逐步复苏迹象,9月29日公布的欧元区9月经济景气度进一步改善,高于市场预期。

中欧贸易逆势增长,背后还有着双方不断挖掘潜力、深化合作所带来的增量支撑。欧洲最大车企德国大众汽车集团5月底宣布在华投资21亿欧元,大力推进电动车业务发展。7月份,法国达能集团宣布投资1亿欧元“加码”在华业务,重点提升本地研发创新能力,并及时将研发成果产业化。《中欧地理标志协定》的签署,也将有力促进中国产品和欧盟产品加速进入对方市场。

进一步深化对华合作,有助于欧洲经济爬坡过坎,为助力世界经济复苏、共同维护开放的贸易和投资环境提供机遇。欧盟轮值主席国德国总理默克尔、欧洲理事会主席米歇尔、欧盟委员会主席冯德莱恩9月14日在中德欧首脑视频会晤中表示,当今世界需要欧中加强团结合作,共同维护多边主义,抵制单边主义和保护主义,更加有效应对各种全球性挑战,这符合欧中双方和国际社会的共同利益。欧方领导人还再次确认,将加快中欧投资协定谈判进程,实现年内完成谈判的目标。

中德欧领导人视频会晤中,中方为深化中欧合作提出了“四个坚持”:坚持和平共处、坚持开放合作、坚持多边主义、坚持对话协商。中欧领导人共同决定,建立中欧环境与气候高层对话和中欧数字领域高层对话,打造中欧绿色伙伴、中欧数字合作伙伴。一系列发展中欧关系的顶层设计,凸显了双方领导者于变局中开新局的远见和勇气,为双方合作提质升级指明了方向。

 

中欧贸易逆势增长,再次证明了中欧合作的强大韧性与活力。未来,中欧合作空间必会更加宽广,双方对彼此的重要性也将更加凸显。只要双方继续坚持互利共赢的大方向,定能让中欧合作的动力更加强劲,推动中欧关系行稳致远。

 

my country promulgated an export control law, effective from December 1st

The 22nd meeting of the 13th National People's Congress Standing Committee voted on the 17th to pass the Export Control Law, which will come into effect on December 1 this year. The law stipulates that if any country or region abuses export control measures to endanger China's national security and interests, China may take measures against that country or region based on actual conditions.

What are the contents of export control law enforcement?

Export control refers to the adoption of prohibitive or restrictive measures on the export of a specific item to control the subject or purpose of the item. The implementation of export control is an internationally accepted practice for fulfilling international obligations such as non-proliferation. At the moment, export control is becoming an important means of safeguarding national security and interests.

The export control law that China has just passed includes general rules, control policies, control lists and control measures, supervision and management, legal responsibilities, and a total of 49 articles in five chapters.

The law clarifies the scope of export control and ensures full coverage of controlled items, controlled subjects and behaviors. It stipulates: transfer of controlled items from inside China to abroad, and Chinese citizens, legal persons and unincorporated organizations providing controlled items to foreign organizations and individuals , Are bound by this law.

The law establishes export control lists, temporary controls and comprehensive controls. Provide for the export control list system, clarify that the national export control management department shall, in accordance with the export control policy, formulate, adjust and publish the export control list in conjunction with relevant departments, and clearly list the controlled items. To provide for a temporary control system, the national export control administrative department may issue an announcement to implement temporary control of goods, technologies and services not on the export control list. Provides a comprehensive control system. Items that are not included in the export control list or temporarily controlled, the export operator knows or should know, or has been notified by the national export control administration, that the relevant items may pose risks such as endangering national security and interests , Also implement export control.

The law also clarifies measures for extraterritorial application and reciprocal measures.

The first is to regulate the provision of export control information abroad, and it is clear that the provision of export control-related information abroad should be carried out in accordance with the law, and it may not be provided if it may endanger national security and interests.

The second is to provide for the necessary extraterritorial effects of this law, and clarify that organizations and individuals outside the country that violate the relevant export control regulations of this law, endanger China's national security and interests, and hinder the performance of international obligations such as non-proliferation, shall be dealt with in accordance with the law and be held accountable.

The third is to provide for reciprocal measures. If any country or region abuses export control measures to endanger China’s national security and interests, China may take reciprocal measures against that country or region based on actual conditions.

The formulation of the Export Control Law was included in the Legislative Plan of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress and the 2019 Legislative Work Plan of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. The draft law was submitted by the State Council to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for deliberation in December 2019, and was promulgated after the third review by the Standing Committee.

Suggested Enterprise

1. Pay close attention to developments related to export control

The acquisition of information is the first step in a timely response, and it can also reflect the enthusiasm of the company to respond. The "Export Control Law" contains export control lists, control lists, temporary controlled items, etc., which are announced and modified at any time. Relevant companies should conduct risk screening after obtaining relevant information in a timely manner. For example, for the situation where the above-mentioned fines may be the highest, “export operators conduct transactions with importers and end users included in the control list”, it is necessary for the relevant export enterprises to make business decisions in a timely manner after the control list is released and updated to avoid the law. Risks and responsibilities.

2. Establish and implement an internal export control compliance system as soon as possible

Relevant enterprises should pay attention to the relevant industry export control guidelines issued by the national export control administration in a timely manner, establish and improve internal export control compliance systems based on the guidelines, and conduct regular risk self-examination and assessment. Article 14 of the "Export Control Law" clearly stipulates that if an export operator has established an internal export control compliance system and the operation is in good condition, the national export control authority may grant general permits and other convenient measures for its export-related controlled items. What needs to be noted here is that it is not only necessary to establish a compliance system within the enterprise, but the most important thing is to achieve "good operation". The compliance system must be effectively implemented and implemented within the enterprise, not just on paper.