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货物清关延误?这几点一定要注意! Delay in customs clearance of goods? We must pay attention to these points!
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货物清关延误?这几点一定要注意! Delay in customs clearance of goods? We must pay attention to these points!

【摘要】:
货物清关延误?这几点一定要注意!Delayincustomsclearanceofgoods?Wemustpayattentiontothesepoints!环球慧思外贸资讯跨境电商与创业文摘今天Globalwisdomforeigntradeinformationcrossbordere-commerceandentrepreneurshipdigesttoday清关就是指货物在某一国家关境内,
货物清关延误?这几点一定要注意!
Delay in customs clearance of goods? We must pay attention to these points!
环球慧思外贸资讯 跨境电商与创业文摘 今天
Global wisdom foreign trade information cross border e-commerce and entrepreneurship digest today
清关就是指货物在某一国家关境内,进出口或者中转,需要遵循各项法律法规的一个手续过程,另一种说法也叫结关,货物在清关期间,都在海关的监管下,是不能随意流通的。有果必有因,既然会出现清关延误,那肯定是有原因的,那么,都有哪些原因呢?
Customs clearance refers to a process in which goods are imported, exported or transferred within the customs territory of a certain country, which needs to follow various laws and regulations. Another term is also called customs clearance. During customs clearance, goods can not be freely circulated under the supervision of the customs. If there is any reason, since there will be customs clearance delay, there must be a reason. So, what are the reasons?
1.货物本身原因
1. Cause of goods
(1)货物为禁止入境商品:全球各国都有其禁止入境的商品,像毒品、枪支弹药、武器等大家都很熟悉,这些都是全球各国禁止入境的。动植物、肉类、书籍几乎是每个国家都会禁止入境;美国禁止中草药入境;英国禁止奶类、肉类产品入境;新加坡禁止电子烟入境;禁止入境的商品到达目的国家海关后,会被海关扣押或者直接退回,
(1) the goods are prohibited goods: all countries in the world have their prohibited goods, such as drugs, guns, ammunition, weapons and so on, which are all prohibited by all countries in the world. Animals, plants, meat and books are forbidden in almost every country; Chinese herbal medicine is forbidden in the United States; milk and meat products are forbidden in the United Kingdom; e-cigarettes are forbidden in Singapore; the prohibited goods will be seized or directly returned by the customs when they arrive at the customs of the destination country,
(2)货物为名牌、侵权产品:受知识产权的保护,当你在销售产品时,须有品牌的授权,当这些产品入境后,海关会要求提供品牌授权书,如果没有,清关就会延误,海关扣货,甚至直接责令退回。
(2) goods are famous brand and infringing products: protected by intellectual property rights, when you sell products, you must have brand authorization. When these products enter the country, the customs will require to provide brand authorization. If not, the customs clearance will be delayed, the customs will hold the goods, and even directly order to return them.
(3)货物为粉末、液体、带电等敏感货:一定要清楚,粉末、液体、带电带磁、固体等敏感货物,被海关查验的概率要比普货高,通关的时间要比普货长,这些产品在清关时,一般都会延误,建议卖家在发这些产品前,一定要问清楚收件人是否有能力清关。
(3) the goods are sensitive goods such as powder, liquid and electrified goods: it must be clear that sensitive goods such as powder, liquid, electrified goods with magnetism and solid are more likely to be inspected by the customs than ordinary goods, and the time for customs clearance is longer than ordinary goods. These products will generally be delayed in customs clearance. It is recommended that the seller must ask whether the receiver has the ability to clear customs before sending these products.
2.代理或货主本身原因
2. Agent or owner's own reasons
(1)货物完整信息填写不规范不完整:代理或者货主本身对资料、单证的填写不完整,比如产品数量不正确、产品品名随便乱写(比如产品本身是鞋子,申报品名写衣服)、申报价值与实际货值不符(很多卖家都有过这样的做法,为了让收件人少交税或者免交税,将货物的申报价值报得低一些,但如果低得太离谱就会引起海关的注意,导致清关延误)。商业发票如果不完整,发件人需提供新的完整的商业发票。
(1) the complete information of the goods is not standardized and complete: the agent or the owner of the goods does not complete the information and documents, such as the incorrect quantity of the products, the random scribble of the product name (for example, the product itself is shoes, the name of the declared product is clothes), and the declared value is not consistent with the actual value of the goods (many sellers have such practices, in order to make the recipient pay less or exempt from taxes, the goods will be The declaration value of is lower, but if it is too low, it will attract the attention of the customs and lead to customs clearance delay). If the commercial invoice is incomplete, the sender shall provide a new and complete commercial invoice.
(2)物流运输方式:卖家为了节省运费,赚收件人的运费差价,选择价格便宜、运输时间较长的物流运输渠道,价格越便宜,运输时间就越长,海关处理的速度就越慢、货物就越容易丢包。
(2) logistics transportation mode: in order to save freight and earn the freight difference of the addressee, the seller chooses the logistics transportation channel with low price and long transportation time. The cheaper the price, the longer the transportation time, the slower the processing speed of the customs, and the easier the goods are to be lost.
3.海关原因
3. Customs reasons
(1)海关例行检查:海关抽查货物例行检查,如果你的货物被抽查到,只能等着,不需要收件人提供任何协助,例行检查一般1-3个工作日即可完成,如果海关认为货物没有问题,就会放行。
(1) customs routine inspection: the customs conducts random inspection on the goods. If your goods are found, you can only wait, without any assistance from the addressee. The routine inspection can be completed within 1-3 working days. If the customs thinks that the goods have no problems, they will be released.
(2)征税:海关认为你的货物申报价值与实际不符,需要收件人去清关。如果你的申报价值与货值是相符的,但海关认为不同,这种情况拿着货物的价值证明去清关即可。如果你的货物申报价值与实际确实不符,低报或者高报,被海关查到,则需要收件人去交关税了。
(2) taxation: in the opinion of the customs, the declared value of your goods is inconsistent with the actual value, and the consignee is required to clear the customs. If your declared value is consistent with the value of the goods, but the customs thinks it is different, in this case, you can clear the customs with the value certificate of the goods. If the declared value of your goods does not conform to the actual value, and the customs finds the low or high declaration, you need the consignee to pay the customs duty.
(3)黑海关:有些国家和地区的海关是比较黑的,为了赚钱,即使你的货物没有任何问题,他也会给你征税,就是不给你通关,等你交了税之后再给你过。
(3) black Customs: the customs of some countries and regions are relatively black. In order to make money, even if your goods have no problems, they will levy taxes on you, that is, they will not pass the Customs for you until you pay the taxes.
4.收件人原因
4. Recipient's reason
(1)不愿意交税:货物需要交税,税金太高或税金已超出货物本身的价值,收件人不愿意支付高额的税金,不去交税清关,货物就这样存放在海关处,等到清关期限到了之后,被海关拍卖或者退回。
(1) unwillingness to pay taxes: the goods need to pay taxes, the taxes are too high or the taxes have exceeded the value of the goods themselves, the recipient is not willing to pay the high taxes, and does not pay taxes and customs clearance, so the goods are stored in the customs, and when the customs clearance period is up, they are auctioned or returned by the customs.
(2)收件人没有相关的证件:比如收件人没有进口许可证,收件人无法提供需要的清关证件,导致货物延误无法清关。
(2) the addressee does not have relevant documents: for example, the addressee does not have an import license, and the addressee is unable to provide the required customs clearance documents, which results in the delay of goods clearance.
(3)骗子买家:国外有些骗子买家,为了免费得到货物,故意不清关,不支付税金,就这样让货物一直放着,然后与卖家就税金问题周旋。或者不签收货物,因为深知货物退回运费非常昂贵,发件人都是不愿意退回,收件人告知发件人将货物退回,从而有理由说出要免费得到货物的要求。或者一次性买多个产品,选择小包系列的物流运输,我们都知道,小包运输慢,物流信息更新慢甚至无信息,骗子买家即使收到了货物,也可以告知发件人自己没有收到货,要求退款。
(3) cheater buyer: in order to get the goods for free, some foreign cheater buyers deliberately do not clear the customs and do not pay the taxes, so that the goods are kept all the time, and then deal with the seller about the taxes. Or do not sign for the goods, because knowing that the return freight is very expensive, the sender is not willing to return the goods, and the receiver tells the sender to return the goods, so there is reason to say that he wants to get the goods free of charge. Or we can buy multiple products at one time and choose the logistics transportation of small package series. We all know that the small package transportation is slow, the logistics information update is slow or even there is no information. Even if the cheater buyer receives the goods, he can tell the sender that he has not received the goods and ask for a refund.
5.其他原因
5. Other reasons
(1)环境:比如海关罢工、港口工人罢工、机场工人罢工、物流人员罢工;或者自然灾害、战乱的发生。
(1) environment: for example, customs strike, port workers strike, airport workers strike, logistics workers strike; or the occurrence of natural disasters and wars.
(2)政策:一些国家的海关清关速度都比较慢,清关效率慢,清关程序繁琐复杂,比如巴西。或者相应的国家政策,要求海关清关必须怎样清,如何清。
(2) policy: in some countries, the speed of customs clearance is relatively slow, the efficiency of customs clearance is slow, and the procedures of customs clearance are complicated, such as Brazil. Or the corresponding national policies require customs clearance how to clear and how to clear.