A good beginning is half the battle. In the first quarter, Shandong's business system overcame the double impact of the international situation and the epidemic, and handed over an excellent transcript, especially in foreign trade.
Foreign trade import and export was 710.65 billion yuan, an increase of 13.7% over the same period last year, 3 percentage points higher than the national overall growth rate. Among them, the export was 417.91 billion yuan, an increase of 22.2%, the import was 292.74 billion yuan, an increase of 3.4%, and the trade surplus was 125.17 billion yuan, an increase of 113%. These data are enough to prove that Shandong's foreign trade has been stable and improving, and the quality has been improved, and it has achieved a "stable opening" and a "good start".
This achievement did not come easily. At the beginning of this year, the international situation continues to undergo profound and complex changes. The century-old changes and the epidemic of the century are intertwined. The world has entered a new period of turbulence and change, and foreign trade is facing multiple challenges. Shandong is a major coastal economic province and a major foreign trade province.
Not afraid of floating clouds covering the eyes, the chaotic clouds fly across still calmly. "Although the international and domestic situation has undergone profound and complex changes, the fundamentals of my country's economy remain stable and sound in the long run. The basic characteristics of my country's economy, such as sufficient potential, great resilience, strong vitality, large room for manoeuvre, and many policy tools, have not changed. Changes, the various advantages and conditions of my country's development have not changed." This sober judgment has allowed us to see the direction and strengthen our confidence. The trickling streams merge into the ocean. Behind the report card of Shandong Foreign Trade in the first quarter is the hard work and long-term efforts for many years.
In June 2018, when General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected Shandong, he asked Shandong to actively integrate into the overall situation of national opening up and create a new highland for opening up to the outside world. Focusing on "creating a new highland for opening to the outside world", the Shandong Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government have fully implemented the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee, put Shandong's opening up and development in the overall planning of the whole country, and put it into service and integration into the new development pattern to promote, and strive to build openness to the outside world. New breakthroughs and new achievements have been continuously made on new heights.
In recent years, the province's opening to the outside world has repeatedly made new and practical measures, and a higher level of opening up has created a good environment for promoting the stability and improvement of the province's foreign trade. In 2018, the province's "Double Recruitment and Double Introduction" conference was held to actively build a platform to attract domestic and foreign businessmen to invest in Shandong and start a business in Shandong. In 2019, the provincial party committee and the provincial government listed "building a new highland for opening up" as one of the eight development strategies. In 2020, taking "opening up and forcing reform" as an important part of the nine major reforms, the "Opinions on Deepening Reform and Innovation to Create a New Height of Opening-up" will be issued, and the "four beams and eight pillars" of Shandong's high-level opening up will be built. In 2021, the deepening of reform and opening up will be regarded as an important part of the "Seven Breakthroughs", and the "Key Points of Work of the Leading Group for Opening Up of Shandong Province from 2021 to 2022" will be issued to implement wider, wider and deeper opening to the outside world.
Three points of deployment, seven points of implementation. Shandong's business system implements the important instructions and requirements of General Secretary Xi Jinping's inspection of Shandong, implements the decisions and deployments of the provincial party committee and the provincial government, takes the initiative, overcomes difficulties, actively responds to difficulties and challenges, and goes deeper and deeper step by step, realizing the province's import and export growth against the trend , hit a record high. In terms of scale, imports and exports exceeded 2 trillion yuan for the first time in 2019, reaching 2.2 trillion yuan in 2020; and 2.9 trillion yuan in 2021, accounting for 7.5% of the national share from 6.4% in 2019. Continuously promote higher-level and higher-level opening, and promote the high-quality development of an open economy, which is fully reflected in the field of Shandong's foreign trade. Shandong's foreign trade work has reached a new level and achieved a strong start in the "14th Five-Year Plan", which has provided strong support for the "stable opening", "good start" and long-term development of the province's economic operation.
The flower of success is watered by sweat. In recent years, the instability and uncertainty of the external demand market have increased, and the province's foreign trade enterprises have moved forward under pressure. Shandong's business system adheres to the problem-oriented, early planning, innovative actions, and multiple measures to promote the growth of foreign trade against the trend. The innovative launch of "Lu trade loan", import discount, exchange rate hedging, implementation of RCEP "6-hour customs clearance", precise efforts to solve problems, so that the vitality of market players has been significantly enhanced; the promotion of "industrial belt + cross-border e-commerce" model, for the Shandong's cross-border e-commerce has taken off its wings; vigorously develop high-end service outsourcing, and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of service outsourcing to digitization, networking and intelligence... Shandong Foreign Trade has exercised its "contrarian growth" in the process of overcoming difficulties. weapon".
"China's door to opening up will not be closed, it will only open wider." Business work is an important part of the domestic cycle, an important hub connecting domestic and international dual cycles, and plays an important role in building a new development pattern. Make full use of the two markets and two resources, continuously expand foreign economic and trade cooperation, and promote deep-level reforms with high-level opening up. Shandong's foreign trade will rise to a new height in opening up to the outside world.