数看“17+1”！速速了解中国—中东欧国家合作Count "17 + 1"! Get to know China CEEC cooperation quickly
Over the past nine years, China and central and Eastern European countries have handed over a brilliant report card.
China's president Xi Jinping hosted China's central and Eastern European leaders summit in Beijing in February 9th and delivered keynote speech. The summit was held by video.
This summit is the latest interaction between China and the 17 central and Eastern European countries under the framework of China Central and Eastern European countries cooperation ("17 + 1 cooperation"), and the multiplier effect of "17 + 1" has aroused concern. What is "17 + 1 cooperation"? What are the 17 countries? How to make "17 + 1" greater than 18? What kind of report card did they hand in hand? We can quickly read "17 + 1 cooperation" through numbers.
A group of numbers "122345", looking at 17 countries
"17 + 1 cooperation" is a cross regional cooperation platform built according to the common aspiration of China and central and Eastern European countries. In 2012, with the first China CEEC summit held in Warsaw, Poland, China CEEC cooperation officially started. At that time, 16 central and Eastern European countries joined, also known as "16 + 1 cooperation". With the new member Greece joining in 2019, "16 + 1" will be expanded to "17 + 1". What are the 17 countries? We can use "122345" to better understand these 17 countries.
1-A cradle of European civilization Greece: Greece with a long history has bred western civilization, and the traces of ancient city states can still be found in famous scenic spots such as the Acropolis of Athens and Parthenon temple. As the birthplace of the Olympic movement, no matter which country holds the Olympic Games, it is necessary to collect the flame of the opening ceremony from here.
2 - two major Islamic countries: Albania and BIH. The main religion in Albania is Islam, while the main religions in BIH are Islam, orthodox and Catholicism.
2 - two bright pearls of the Black Sea: Bulgaria and Romania. Bulgaria is known as "the back garden of God". It contributes one third of the world's production of rose essential oil. Its yogurt is world-famous. Taking the "17 + 1 cooperation" development express, Bulgaria has enriched the taste buds of Chinese people in recent years.
Romania also has good natural endowment. It is one of the few countries in central and Eastern Europe that can directly produce natural gas and oil. Little known is that its wine making history has exceeded 4000 years, even longer than that of France, so it is known as "the country of Bacchus".
3 - three Baltic brothers: Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian. The total population of the three countries is just over 6 million, and their languages are mainly German and polish. Due to historical and other reasons, the three countries are inextricably linked and call themselves "brotherly" countries. Coincidentally, there is a "house of three brothers" in the alley beside the square of rigadom, the capital of Latvia. They are well-known medieval houses in the old city of Riga. They are named because the walls are closely attached to each other.
4-v4 group: Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia. V4 group, viziegrad group, which started operation in 1991, is a cultural and political National Alliance.
Among them, the Sino Czech friendship farm in Cangzhou City, Hebei Province is the witness of Sino Czech friendship; Poland has been China's largest trading partner in central and Eastern Europe since 2005, and it is also an important node of China Europe train operation; Budapest, the capital of Hungary, is a popular option for Chinese people to travel abroad, and many airlines have opened direct flights between Chinese cities and Budapest.
5 - five countries of the former Yugoslavia: Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, the northern Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro. Among them, Croatia is a football loving country. In the 2018 World Cup final, although the Croatian team lost the game, the grid won the hearts of the people with the belief of fighting to the last moment. Since the outbreak of the epidemic, the mutual support and help of the people of China and Sierra Leone in the face of the epidemic has interpreted "thousands of miles to help, wind and rain together". President Vucci of Serbia went to the airport to welcome the Chinese anti epidemic expert group who assisted Sierra Leone. His deep love kiss to the five-star red flag set a high light moment for China and Sierra Leone to join hands in the fight against the epidemic.
A set of data, answer 17 + 1 > 18
China and central and Eastern European countries are "old friends in history and new partners in reality". "17 + 1 cooperation" is not a simple addition, but produces a far greater effect than 18. Over the past nine years, China and central and Eastern European countries have handed over a brilliant report card.
There are more than 50 cooperation platforms. The main activities of "17 + 1 cooperation" are leaders' meeting, local leaders' meeting and various activities in other fields. In the ninth year, China Central and Eastern Europe cooperation has formed a mode of government led and non-governmental participation, covering multiple communication modes from central to local, from official to non-governmental, covering many fields.
At present, China Central and Eastern Europe cooperation has established more than 50 cooperation platforms in more than 20 fields, and the cooperation in tourism, agriculture, forestry and other specific fields has become institutionalized, which is known by the industry as one of the most dynamic and representative cross regional cooperation mechanisms.
212 pairs of friendly relations between provinces and cities - China and central and Eastern European countries have established 212 pairs of friendly relations between provinces and cities. Besides government level exchanges, non-governmental exchanges are also remarkable. For example, many of the childhood memories of the "post-80s" and "post-90s", the story of the mole, originated in central and Eastern Europe. Sports stars from central and Eastern European countries, such as Serbia's tennis star Djokovic and Croatian footballer Modric, are well-known in China. The beautiful scenery of Budapest, Prague square, and the valdahl River in central and Eastern Europe makes the Chinese people yearn for them.
The 12 thousand China Europe China, one belt, one road, the central and Eastern European countries, is an important undertaking belt that the "one belt and one way" initiative is integrated into the European economic circle. The demand for enhancing interconnection between the 17 countries and China has laid the foundation for pragmatic cooperation between the two sides. The important "17 + 1" cooperation projects, such as Hungary Serbia railway, pereshac bridge in Croatia and e763 highway in Serbia, not only facilitate the exchanges between countries, but also bring real benefits to the local people.
One belt, one road, China and Europe, are developing rapidly. In 2020, they launched over 12 thousand lines throughout the year. They sent urgently needed anti epidemic materials and necessities to central and Eastern European countries, and also brought rich agricultural and sideline products to China. They have become the lifeline for the rescue of epidemic diseases and the supply line of "one belt and one road".
US $100 billion - since its establishment, the list of achievements of "17 + 1 cooperation" has reached more than 300 items. These pragmatic cooperation have enhanced the toughness and flexibility of "17 + 1 cooperation". Even in 2020, under the haze of the epidemic situation, the trade volume between China and the 17 countries in central and Eastern Europe also rose against the trend, breaking through 100 billion US dollars, with a year-on-year growth of 8.4%, and the growth rate in the same period is more than four times of the overall growth rate of China's foreign trade.
This report card full of dry goods shows that, adhering to the core of practical cooperation, the cooperation mechanism between China and central and Eastern European countries in the ninth year is improving day by day, and has become a new growth point of China EU economic and trade cooperation. It can be predicted that in the future, while injecting new momentum into the development of relations between China and central and Eastern European countries, the mechanism will continue to become an important engine for deepening the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and Europe.