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【行业资讯】制造业中小微企业11月起可缓缴税款,美国即将解除旅行限制,土耳其、南非贸易预警,等|本周外贸大事鸿远国际贸易[industry information] small, medium-sized and micro enterprises in the manufacturing industry can delay tax payment from November, the United States will soon lift travel restrictions, Turkey an
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【行业资讯】制造业中小微企业11月起可缓缴税款,美国即将解除旅行限制,土耳其、南非贸易预警,等|本周外贸大事鸿远国际贸易[industry information] small, medium-sized and micro enterprises in the manufacturing industry can delay tax payment from November, the United States will soon lift travel restrictions, Turkey an

【摘要】:
美线最倒霉集装箱船货柜坠海再失火10月22日,集装箱船ZIMKingston在即将到达加拿大温哥华港时,在胡安德富卡海峡以西船舶遇到了恶劣的天气,导致船体向一侧倾斜,该侧集装箱落水;甲板上集装箱堆垛倒塌。雪上加霜的是,加拿大太平洋时间10月23日上午11时许,该船又出现了火情!10个货柜起火,火势继续蔓延,并且正在释放出有毒气体。包括船长在内的全体船员已被加拿大当局建议弃船。根据最新统计,ZIMK

美线最倒霉集装箱船货柜坠海再失火

1022日,集装箱船ZIM Kingston在即将到达加拿大温哥华港时,在胡安德富卡海峡以西船舶遇到了恶劣的天气,导致船体向一侧倾斜,该侧集装箱落水;甲板上集装箱堆垛倒塌。

雪上加霜的是,加拿大太平洋时间1023日上午11时许,该船又出现了火情!10个货柜起火,火势继续蔓延,并且正在释放出有毒气体。包括船长在内的全体船员已被加拿大当局建议弃船。

根据最新统计,ZIM Kingston共有106个集装箱坠海。

落水的集装箱中的物品包括圣诞装饰品、沙发、扑克桌、金属汽车零件、服装、玩具、瑜伽垫、立式桨板和工业零件。加拿大海岸警卫队表示,由于集装箱上有气孔,落水后很容易沉没,预计很多集装箱已经沉没,或正在沉没。目前不认为有被打捞上来的希望。

根据大船期数据显示, 该轮服务于马士基ZP9航线,曾挂靠高雄、厦门、盐田、宁波和上海等港口。除了ZIM,共舱的船公司还有ALIANÇAGOLD STAR LINEHAMBURG SÜDMAERSKMCC

根据当前情况判断,该船大概率要宣布共同海损。请有货在船上的货主们立刻与货代、保险公司联系!

 

制造业中小微企业11月起可缓缴税款

1027日召开的国务院常务会议,部署对制造业中小微企业等实施阶段性税收缓缴措施,进一步加大助企纾困力度。缓税自今年111日起实施,至明年1月申报期结束,预计可为制造业中小微企业缓税2000亿元左右。

会议决定,对今年四季度制造业中小微企业实现的企业所得税和国内增值税、国内消费税及随其附征的城市建设维护税,以及个体工商户、个人独资和合伙企业缴纳的个人所得税(不含其代扣代缴的个人所得税)实行阶段性税收缓缴。

会议明确

对年销售收入2000万元以下的制造业小微企业(含个体工商户),其实现的税款全部缓税;

对年销售收入2000万元至4亿元的制造业中型企业,实现的税款按50%缓税,特殊困难企业可依法特别申请全部缓税。

另外,为纾解煤电、供热企业经营困难,对其今年四季度实现的税款实施缓缴,预计缓税总额170亿元左右。上述缓税措施延期缴纳时间最长为3个月。

美国118日起解除对中国等33国的旅行限制

美国总统拜登当地时间1025日签署行政令,取消对中国、印度、南非、巴西和欧洲大部分地区的严格旅行限制。新政策将于118日生效。

新政策要求几乎所有外国游客在前往美国前都须接种新冠疫苗。航空公司将被要求在旅客登机前检查旅客的疫苗接种情况。航空公司必须确认旅客的疫苗接种证明为官方证明,并且完成疫苗接种日期至少要在登机的两周前。任何美国卫生监管机构批准的疫苗都将被接受。

受认可的疫苗包括莫德纳(Moderna)、辉瑞/BNT、强生(Johnson & Johnson)、阿斯利康(AstraZeneca)、印度版AZ疫苗Covishield、中国国药和中国科兴疫苗。

美国特别旅行限制于2020年初首次实施,以遏制新冠病毒传播,包括来自33个国家(英国、巴西、中国、印度、伊朗、爱尔兰、南非以及26个欧洲申根国家)的非美国公民在疫情期间被禁止进入美国。此次禁令取消,标志着自去年年初以来对旅客实施的严格限制措施结束。

土耳其里拉跌至历史新低

当地时间1026日,土耳其里拉盘中对美元一度贬值超过2%,连续3天跌至历史新低。今年以来,土耳其里拉兑美元已经下跌23%,成为新兴市场中表现最差的货币。

土耳其经济已经遭受每年20%的通胀和汇率波动的影响。里拉贬值之际,物价压力已导致土耳其人的生活成本飙升。土耳其多数普通家庭的月收入为30004000里拉,当地人称,身边的每个人都不敢花钱,手头持有美元的人更不会轻易兑换成里拉。普通人日常购物也受影响,都压缩了日常开销。

请外贸人注意,当一国本币迅速大幅贬值时,进口成本将急剧上升,一些无良买家或借机拖延货款。当前出口土耳其,请务必注意控制买家的付款底线!

摩洛哥对机织地毯及其他纺织地面覆盖物作出反倾销初裁

20211022日,摩洛哥工业、贸易、绿色与数字经济部发布第DDC/35/2021号公告,对原产于或进口自中国、埃及、约旦的机织地毯及其他纺织地面覆盖物(法语:le tapis et autres revêtements de sol enmatières textiles à fabricationmécanique, quil soit noué, tissé, touffeté etfloqué ou non, en feutre ou autres, confectionné ou non)作出反倾销肯定性初裁,初步裁定对中国、埃及和约旦的涉案产品征收临时反倾销税,其中,中国税率为144%、埃及为13%、约旦为9%

本案倾销调查期为201971日至2020630日。涉案产品包括不论是否打结或卷绕、不论是否簇绒、毛毡或其他、不论是否制成的机织地毯和其他纺织类地面覆盖物,具体税号见此:

https://cacs.mofcom.gov.cn/cacscms/case/ckys?caseId=53d8a9ed76d3b3160176d54ae49c0014

韩国对不锈钢板卷征收反倾销税

韩国企划财政部近日发布第865号令,韩国自915日起对原产于中国大陆、印度尼西亚和中国台湾地区的厚度小于等于8毫米的不锈钢板卷征收为期3年的反倾销税,其中,中国大陆为23.69%-25.82%、中国台湾地区为7.17%-9.47%;对已达成价格承诺的企业不征收反倾销税。

具体税号见此:

https://cacs.mofcom.gov.cn/cacscms/article/ckys?articleId=171067&type=1

乌兹别克斯坦对82种进口原料和半成品实施零关税

据乌兹别克斯坦报纸网近日消息,乌总统米尔济约耶夫签署《关于进一步扩大竞争性产品生产的若干举措》总统令,决定202411日前,对82种进口原料和半成品实施零关税。

免征进口关税的原料和半成品包括:蓖麻油、石棉、氢氧化钠(烧碱)、染料、人造毛皮、人造蜡、纸和纸板、棉织物、亚麻纤维织物、电池、扬声器等,共计82种,相关产品清单和海关编码已公布在乌法律数据库官网。

查询网址:

https://lex.uz/pdfs/5686220

此前,乌政府于107日出台内阁令,决定在202251日前对进口香蕉、苹果、菠萝、番石榴等水果免征关税。

 

阿根廷通胀爆表,计划冻结1432种日用品价格

在央行无限制印钞之下,阿根廷的CPI指数已经连续4个月冲破50%大关,9月份同比涨幅达52.5%。这意味着,阿根廷各行各业都在疯狂涨价,其本币比索也在狂跌,兑美元足足贬值了17%

1020日最新消息显示,为了遏制持续爆表的通胀,阿根廷宣布将冻结1432种超市常见的日用品的价格,在202217日之前,名单上的1432种商品都必须保持原价,不能再涨价。

德国时尚零售商面临交货瓶颈

圣诞前夕,德国市面上纺织品、鞋履及皮革商品却已出现售罄情况,商家面临交货瓶颈困境。根据调查,几乎所有企业都在等待特定物件。目前有四分之一的纺织品、鞋履及皮革制品零售商表示,秋冬商品缺货率甚至在20%40%之间。

德国纺织品贸易协会(BTE)发言人Axel Augustin表示,交货瓶颈对低价产品的影响尤为严重,因为这些产品主要在远东地区生产制造。

BTE问卷调查结果显示,只有5%的公司表示并无任何秋冬商品短缺或延迟交货情形。约30%的受访企业表示,商品短缺或延迟交货比例最高不超过10%。另有40%表示,许多在数月前已订购的商品至今仍未到货,比例最高约占20%

许多企业承受严重销售亏损,超过四分之一者的亏损甚至达两位数百分比。近半数公司的销售降幅最多达10%。仅四分之一的零售商因客户转购其他产品而未有任何损失。

不过,BTE表示,与其他行业的价格上涨相比,目前纺织、鞋履及皮革制品贸易价格尚属稳定。在超过一半的公司中,当前秋冬商品的销售价格没有或几乎不见显著上涨。40%表示目前的商品系列价格涨幅约介于10%30%之间。另有10%将当前秋冬商品的价格提高30%以上。

南非企业破产数量大幅增长

南非统计局最新数据显示,在截至7月份的三个月内,南非企业破产数量同比增加129.7%,其中7月份同比增加157.7%;在截至8月份的三个月内,南非企业清算数量同比减少16.8%,其中8月份同比减少27.6%

然而,今年前八个月南非企业清算数量与去年同期相比增加12.1%,今年前五个月南非企业清算数量最多的业务类别包括金融、保险、房地产、商业服务行业(427个);贸易、餐饮和住宿行业(286个)和社区服务行业(106个)。

泰国11月起46个国家和地区游客入境可免隔离

泰国政府当地时间21日晚间宣布,从111日起,来自46个国家和地区已完成新冠疫苗接种、乘飞机入境泰国的游客,可免除强制隔离。

泰国外交部当天公布这46个低风险国家和地区名单,包括中国、马来西亚、柬埔寨、新加坡、日本、韩国、美国、英国、西班牙、法国、德国、澳大利亚等。

来自这些经泰国政府认定的低风险国家和地区的游客,登机前须完成疫苗接种满14天,持有核酸检测阴性证明和5万美元保额的医疗保险,且入境后还需进行一次核酸检测,在确认检测结果阴性后可免隔离在泰国自由行动。

原产地证12月起不再对出口这些国家签发普惠制证书

根据海关总署最新公告:

根据《中华人民共和国普遍优惠制原产地证明书签证管理办法》,海关总署决定,自2021121日起,对输往欧盟成员国、英国、加拿大、土耳其、乌克兰和列支敦士登等已不再给予中国普惠制关税优惠待遇国家的货物,海关不再签发普惠制原产地证书。

输上述国家的货物发货人需要原产地证明文件的,可以申请领取非优惠原产地证书。

公告原文:

http://www.customs.gov.cn/customs/302249/2480148/3968366/index.html

近年来,随着中国经济的稳步发展和国际贸易地位的逐步提升,越来越多的国家和地区宣布对中国普惠制“毕业”。

《医疗器械注册自检管理规定》发布施行

20211021日,国家药品监督管理局发布2021年第126号公告,详情如下:

为加强医疗器械注册管理,规范注册申请人注册自检工作,确保医疗器械注册检验工作有序开展,根据《医疗器械监督管理条例》(国务院令第739号)及《医疗器械注册与备案管理办法》(市场监管总局令第47号)、《体外诊断试剂注册与备案管理办法》(市场监管总局令第48号),国家药品监督管理局组织制定了《医疗器械注册自检管理规定》,现予发布,自发布之日起施行。

公告原文:

https://www.nmpa.gov.cn/xxgk/ggtg/qtggtg/20211022153823130.html

The most unlucky container ship on the US line fell into the sea and caught fire again
On October 22, when the container ship Zim Kingston was about to arrive at Vancouver Port, Canada, the ship encountered bad weather in the west of Juan de FUCA Strait, which caused the hull to tilt to one side and the container on that side fell into the water; The stacking of containers on deck collapsed.
To make matters worse, at about 11 a.m. Canadian Pacific time on October 23, there was a fire on the ship again! Ten containers caught fire, the fire continued to spread, and toxic gases were being released. The crew, including the captain, have been advised by the Canadian authorities to abandon the ship.
According to the latest statistics, a total of 106 containers fell into the sea in Zim Kingston.
The items in the falling container include Christmas decorations, sofas, poker tables, metal car parts, clothing, toys, yoga mats, vertical paddles and industrial parts. The Canadian Coast Guard said that due to the air holes on the containers, it is easy to sink after falling into the water. It is expected that many containers have sunk or are sinking. At present, there is no hope of being salvaged.
According to the large ship schedule data, the ship served the Maersk ZP9 route and had been attached to Kaohsiung, Xiamen, Yantian, Ningbo and Shanghai. In addition to Zim, the shipping companies with shared space include Alan Ç a, gold star line, Hamburg s Ü D, Maersk and MCC.
Judging from the current situation, the ship has a high probability of declaring general average. Please contact the freight forwarder and insurance company immediately!
Small, medium-sized and micro enterprises in the manufacturing industry can defer tax payment from November
The executive meeting of the State Council held on October 27 deployed phased tax deferment measures for small, medium-sized and micro enterprises in the manufacturing industry to further strengthen the rescue of enterprises. The tax relief will be implemented from November 1 this year to the end of the declaration period in January next year. It is expected to delay the tax for small, medium-sized and micro enterprises in the manufacturing industry by about 200 billion yuan.
The meeting decided to implement phased tax deferment for the enterprise income tax and domestic value-added tax, domestic consumption tax and urban construction and maintenance tax attached to manufacturing small, medium and micro enterprises in the fourth quarter of this year, as well as the individual income tax paid by individual industrial and commercial households, sole proprietorship and partnership enterprises (excluding the individual income tax withheld and paid by them).
Meeting clear
For small and micro manufacturing enterprises (including individual industrial and commercial households) with an annual sales revenue of less than 20 million yuan, the tax realized shall be postponed;
For medium-sized manufacturing enterprises with an annual sales revenue of 20 million yuan to 400 million yuan, the tax shall be deferred by 50%, and enterprises with special difficulties may apply for full tax deferral according to law.
In addition, in order to alleviate the operating difficulties of coal-fired power and heating enterprises, the tax payment realized in the fourth quarter of this year is postponed, and the total amount of tax relief is expected to be about 17 billion yuan. The maximum extension of the above tax deferment measures is 3 months.
The United States lifted travel restrictions on 33 countries including China from November 8
US President Biden signed an executive order on October 25 local time to lift strict travel restrictions on China, India, South Africa, Brazil and most parts of Europe. The new policy will take effect on November 8.
The new policy requires almost all foreign tourists to be vaccinated before going to the United States. Airlines will be required to check the vaccination status of passengers before boarding. The airline must confirm that the passenger's vaccination certificate is an official certificate, and the completion date of vaccination must be at least two weeks before boarding. Any vaccine approved by U.S. health regulators will be accepted.
Approved vaccines include Moderna, Pfizer / BNT, Johnson & Johnson, AstraZeneca, Indian AZ vaccine covishield, Sinopharm and China Kexing vaccine.
The special travel restrictions in the United States were first implemented in early 2020 to curb COVID-19's spread, including non US citizens from 33 countries (Britain, Brazil, China, India, Iran, Ireland, South Africa and 26 European Schengen countries) who were prohibited from entering the United States during the epidemic. The lifting of the ban marks the end of the strict restrictions on passengers since the beginning of last year.
The Turkish Lira fell to an all-time low
On October 26 local time, the Turkish Lira depreciated by more than 2% against the US dollar for three consecutive days. This year, the Turkish Lira has fallen 23% against the US dollar, becoming the worst performing currency in emerging markets.
Turkey's economy has been affected by inflation and exchange rate fluctuations of 20% a year. The devaluation of the lira comes as price pressures have led to a surge in the cost of living for Turks. The monthly income of most ordinary families in Turkey is 3000-4000 lira. Locals say that everyone around them is afraid to spend money, and those who hold us dollars will not easily convert them into lira. Ordinary people's daily shopping is also affected, reducing their daily expenses.
Please note that when a country's local currency depreciates rapidly and sharply, the import cost will rise sharply, and some unscrupulous buyers may take the opportunity to delay the payment for goods. Currently exported to Turkey, please pay attention to controlling the buyer's payment bottom line!
Morocco has made a preliminary anti-dumping ruling on woven carpets and other textile floor coverings
On October 22, 2021, the Ministry of industry, trade, green and digital economy of Morocco issued announcement No. DDC / 35 / 2021 on woven carpets and other textile floor coverings originating or imported from China, Egypt and Jordan (French: Le Tapis et Autres Rev ê tements de sol enmati è res textiles à fabrictionm é canique, qu'il soit nou é, TISS é, touffet é etfloqu é Ou non, en Feutre ou Autres, confictionn é Ou non) A preliminary affirmative anti-dumping determination was made and a preliminary ruling was made to impose temporary anti-dumping duties on the products involved in China, Egypt and Jordan, of which the tax rate in China was 144%, Egypt was 13% and Jordan was 9%.
The dumping investigation period of this case is from July 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020. The products involved include woven carpets and other textile floor coverings, whether knotted or wound, whether tufted, felt or other, whether made or not. See here for the specific tax number:
https://cacs.mofcom.gov.cn/cacscms/case/ckys?caseId=53d8a9ed76d3b3160176d54ae49c0014
Korea imposes anti-dumping duties on stainless steel coils
China's Chinese mainland Ministry of finance has issued a 865th order for 3 years since September 15th. China has been collecting anti-dumping duties of 8 years, which is less than 3 mm thick, which is originally from mainland China, Indonesia and Taiwan, China. The Chinese mainland has 23.69%-25.82% and Taiwan of China.
See here for specific tax number:
https://cacs.mofcom.gov.cn/cacscms/article/ckys?articleId=171067&type=1
Uzbekistan implements zero tariff on 82 imported raw materials and semi-finished products
According to the recent news of Uzbekistan newspaper network, Uzbek President mirziyev signed the presidential decree on several measures to further expand the production of competitive products, which decided to implement zero tariff on 82 kinds of imported raw materials and semi-finished products by January 1, 2024.
Raw materials and semi-finished products exempted from import duties include: castor oil, asbestos, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), dyes, artificial fur, artificial wax, paper and paperboard, cotton fabric, flax fiber fabric, batteries, speakers, etc., with a total of 82 kinds. The list of relevant products and customs codes have been published on the official website of Ukrainian legal database.
Query website:
https://lex.uz/pdfs/5686220
Previously, the Ukrainian government issued a cabinet order on October 7, deciding to exempt the import of bananas, apples, pineapples, guava and other fruits from tariffs before May 1, 2022.
Argentina's inflation burst and plans to freeze the prices of 1432 kinds of daily necessities
Under the unrestricted printing of money by the central bank, Argentina's CPI index has broken through the 50% mark for four consecutive months, with a year-on-year increase of 52.5% in September. This means that all walks of life in Argentina are frantically raising prices, and its local currency peso is also falling sharply, depreciating by 17% against the US dollar.
According to the latest news on October 20, in order to curb the inflation of continuous table explosion, Argentina announced that it would freeze the prices of 1432 kinds of daily necessities common in supermarkets. Before January 7, 2022, the original prices of 1432 kinds of commodities on the list must be maintained and can not be increased.
German fashion retailers face delivery bottlenecks
On Christmas Eve, textile, shoes and leather goods in the German market have been sold out, and businesses are facing the dilemma of delivery bottleneck. According to the survey, almost all enterprises are waiting for specific items. At present, a quarter of textile, shoes and leather products retailers say that the shortage rate of goods in autumn and winter is even between 20% and 40%.
Axel Augustin, spokesman of the German Textile Trade Association (BTE), said that the impact of delivery bottlenecks on low-cost products is particularly serious, because these products are mainly produced and manufactured in the Far East.
According to the BTE questionnaire survey, only 5% of the companies said that there was no shortage or delay in delivery of goods in autumn and winter. About 30% of the enterprises surveyed said that the highest proportion of shortage or delay in delivery of goods was no more than 10%. Another 40% said that many goods ordered a few months ago have not arrived yet, accounting for about 20%.
Many enterprises suffered serious sales losses, and more than a quarter of them even lost double-digit percentages. Nearly half of the companies' sales fell by up to 10%. Only a quarter of retailers did not lose any money because customers switched to other products.
However, BTE said that compared with the price increases in other industries, the current trade prices of textiles, shoes and leather products are still stable. Among more than half of the companies, the current sales prices of autumn and winter commodities have not or almost have not increased significantly. 40% said that the current price increase of commodity series is about 10% to 30%. Another 10% will increase the current prices of autumn and winter commodities by more than 30%.
The number of bankruptcies in South Africa has increased significantly
According to the latest data of Statistics South Africa, in the three months up to July, the number of bankruptcies of South African enterprises increased by 129.7% year-on-year, including 157.7% year-on-year increase in July; in the three months up to August, the number of liquidation of South African enterprises decreased by 16.8% year-on-year, including 27.6% year-on-year decrease in August.
However, the number of South African enterprises liquidated in the first eight months of this year increased by 12.1% compared with the same period last year. The business categories with the largest number of South African enterprises liquidated in the first five months of this year include finance, insurance, real estate and commercial service industries (427); trade, catering and accommodation industries (286) and community service industries (106).
Since November, tourists from 46 countries and regions can enter Thailand without isolation
The Thai government announced on the evening of the 21st local time that tourists from 46 countries and regions who have completed the new crown vaccination and entered Thailand by plane can be exempted from compulsory isolation from November 1.
The Ministry of foreign affairs of Thailand released the list of 46 low-risk countries and regions on the same day, including China, Malaysia, Cambodia, Singapore, Japan, South Korea, the United States, the United Kingdom, Spain, France, Germany, Australia, etc.
Tourists from these low-risk countries and regions recognized by the Thai government must complete vaccination for 14 days before boarding, hold a negative nucleic acid test certificate and medical insurance with an insured amount of US $50000, and conduct a nucleic acid test after entering the country. After confirming that the test result is negative, they can avoid isolation and move freely in Thailand.
The certificate of origin will no longer issue GSP certificates to these exporting countries from December
According to the latest announcement of the General Administration of Customs:
In accordance with the measures of the people's Republic of China for the administration of GSP certificate of origin visas, the General Administration of Customs has decided that from December 1, 2021, the customs will no longer issue GSP certificate of origin for goods exported to EU Member States, Britain, Canada, Turkey, Ukraine, Liechtenstein and other countries that no longer give China GSP preferential tariff treatment.
If the consignor of goods exported to the above-mentioned countries needs a certificate of origin, he may apply for a non preferential certificate of origin.
Original announcement:
http://www.customs.gov.cn/customs/302249/2480148/3968366/index.html
In recent years, with the steady development of China's economy and the gradual improvement of China's international trade status, more and more countries and regions have announced the "graduation" of China's GSP.
Regulations on self inspection management of medical device registration issued and implemented
On October 21, 2021, the State Drug Administration issued announcement No. 126 of 2021, as follows:
In order to strengthen the registration management of medical devices, standardize the registration self inspection of registration applicants and ensure the orderly development of the registration and inspection of medical devices, according to the regulations on the supervision and administration of medical devices (Order No. 739 of the State Council), the administrative measures for the registration and filing of medical devices (Order No. 47 of the State Administration of market supervision) and the administrative measures for the registration and filing of in vitro diagnostic reagents (Order No. 48 of the State Administration of market supervision), the State Drug Administration has organized and formulated the provisions on the administration of self inspection of medical device registration, which is hereby promulgated and shall enter into force as of the date of promulgation.
Original announcement:
https://www.nmpa.gov.cn/xxgk/ggtg/qtggtg/20211022153823130.html